Child Protection Policy and Guidelines
These guidelines apply to all employees, volunteers and host families connected with the services offered by The Slaney Language Centre.
The Children First: National Guidance for the Protection and Welfare of Children 2011, was set up to assist people in identifying and reporting child abuse and neglect . It highlights the roles and responsibilities of the HSE and An Garda Síochána, which are the two agencies with statutory responsibility for child protection. It also offers guidance to agencies and community and voluntary organisations that have contact with or provide services to children.
Society has a duty of care towards children and everyone should be alert to the possibility that children with whom they are in contact may be being abused or at risk of being abused. This national guidance is designed to encourage people to report concerns or suspicions to the HSE Children and Family Services.
The designated member of DELS staff with responsibility for the implementation of these guidelines is Lisa Bartsch, Managing Director, firstname.lastname@example.org .
2. Definitions of a Child or Vulnerable Adult.
Children : People under 18 years of age . Vulnerable adults : A person aged 18 years or over, who is in receipt of or may be in need of services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness and who is or may be unable to take care of him or herself, or unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation.
3. Mission Statement
The Slaney Language Centre recognises the rights of children and vulnerable adults to protection from abuse, violence and exploitation. The Slaney Language Centre is committed to providing a safe environment for children and vulnerable adults receiving services.
The Management is committed to ensuring that the organisation follows effective safeguarding protection procedures which comply with all statutory requirements and meet best practise standards.
The Slaney Language Centre is committed to ensuring our people are fully aware of our policies and procedures in relation to the protection of children and vulnerable adults.
By developing appropriate skills to make reasoned, informed choices, judgements and decisions.
4. Definition of Abuse
Abuse of vulnerable adults can constitute the physical, psychological, emotional, financial or sexual maltreatment or neglect of a vulnerable adult by another person. The abuse may be a single act or repeated over a period of time, it may take one form or a multiple of forms. The lack of appropriate action can also be a form of abuse.
Recognise five categories of child abuse:
– Physical Abuse: physical abuse is any form of non-accidental injury or injury which results from wilful or neglectful failure to protect a child. Examples include hurting or injuring a child, inflicting pain, poisoning, shaking or otherwise causing physical harm to the child.
– Sexual Abuse: sexual abuse occurs when a child is used by another person for his or her gratification or sexual arousal, or for that of others. This includes direct or indirect sexual exploitation or corruption of children by involving them (or threatening to involve them) in inappropriate sexual activities.
– Emotional abuse: emotional abuse is normally to be found in the relationship between a care-giver and a child rather than a specific event or pattern of events. It occurs when a child’s need for affection, approval, consistency and security are not met, for example repeatedly rejecting children, humiliating them, frightening them or denying their worth and rights as human beings.
– Neglect: neglect is defined as the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and physiological needs. This can be defined in terms of an omission, where a child’s health, safety, development or welfare is being avoidably impaired by being deprived of food, clothing, warmth, hygiene, intellectual stimulation, supervision and safety, attachment to and affection from adults or medical care.
– Bullying: Bullying may be defined as deliberately hurtful behaviour, usually repeated over a period of time, where it is difficult for those bullied to defend themselves. It can take many forms, but the three main types are physical (e.g. hitting, kicking, theft) verbal (e.g. racist or homophobic remarks, threats, name calling) and emotional (e.g. isolating an individual from the activities and social acceptance of their peer group).
The damage inflicted by bullying can frequently be underestimated. It can cause considerable distress to children to the extent that it affects their health and development or, at the extreme, cause them significant harm.
5. Recognising Abuse
Detection of abuse is seldom straightforward and rarely clear cut. It is important therefore, to share concerns with the Centre Manager, who is the designated member of staff as detailed in this policy document. Below are some of the physical and behavioural indicators of abuse. No one indicator should be seen as conclusive in itself of abuse. It may indicate conditions other than child abuse. All signs and symptoms must be examined in the context of the child’s situation and family circumstances. Guidelines for recognition:
Bullying – is not always easy to recognise as it can take a number of forms. A child may encounter bullying attacks that are:
Persistent bullying can result in:
Signs that a child may be being bullied can be:
Physical Abuse – are bruises or injuries that either unexplained or inconsistent with the explanation given or visible on the “soft” parts of the body where accidental injuries are unlikely, e.g. cheeks, abdomen, back and buttocks. A delay in seeking medical treatment when it is obviously necessary is also a cause for concern, although this can be more complicated with burns, as these are often delayed in presentation due to blistering taking place sometime later.
Unexplained bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body Multiple bruises – in clusters, often on the upper arm, outside of the thigh Cigarette burns Human bite marks Broken bones Scalds, with upward splash marks, Multiple burns with a clearly demarcated edge.
Fear of parents being approached for an explanation, Aggressive behaviour or severe temper outbursts, Flinching when approached or touched, Reluctance to get changed, for example in hot weather, Depression, Withdrawn behaviour, Running away from home.
Sexual Abuse – Adults who use children to meet their own sexual needs abuse both girls and boys of all ages, including infants and toddlers. Usually, in cases of sexual abuse it is the child’s behaviour that may cause you to become concerned, although physical signs can also be present. In all cases, children who tell about sexual abuse do so because they want it to stop. It is important, therefore, that they are listened to and taken seriously.
Pain or itching in the genital area , Bruising or bleeding near genital area, Sexually transmitted disease, Vaginal discharge or infection, Stomach pains, discomfort when walking or sitting down, Pregnancy.
Sudden or unexplained changes in behaviour e.g. becoming aggressive or withdrawn Fear of being left with a specific person or group of people Having nightmares Running away from home Sexual knowledge which is beyond their age, or developmental level, Sexual drawings or language Bedwetting, Eating problems such as overeating or anorexia, Self-harm or mutilation, sometimes leading to suicide attempts, Saying they have secrets they cannot tell anyone about, Substance or drug abuse, Suddenly having unexplained sources of money, Not allowed to have friends (particularly in adolescence), Acting in a sexually explicit way towards adults.
Emotional abuse – can be difficult to measure, as there are often no outward physical signs. There may be a developmental delay due to failure to thrive and grow, although this will usually only be evident if the child puts on weight in other circumstances, for example then hospitalised or away from their parents’ care. Even so, children who appear well-cared for may nevertheless be emotionally abused by being taunted, put down or belittled. They may receive little or no love, affection or attention from their parents or carers. Emotional abuse can also take the form of children not being allowed to mix or play with other children.
Behavioural Indicators: Neurotic behaviour e.g. sucking, hair twisting, rocking, Being unable to play, Fear of making mistakes, Sudden speech disorders, Self-harm, Fear of parent being approached regarding their behaviour Developmental delay in terms of emotional progress.
Neglect – can be a difficult form of abuse to recognise, yet have some of the most lasting and damaging effects on children.
6. The Role of the Designated Member of staff
If any members of staff have concerns, or are alarmed by a behaviour or incident, they should talk to the designated member of staff responsible; i.e. The Managing Director. If this designated member of staff is not available, or cannot be contacted, then the incident should be reported to any senior member of staff available.
No matter how well you know these guidelines you may still be shocked and unprepared when something happens.
Should a young person disclose abuse to you the following important points should be taken into consideration:
approached because you are trusted and possibly liked. Do not panic.
him / her have not been affected in a negative way as a result of what he / she
as soon as possible
Advice: As the designated member of staff you would prefer to talk to someone before initiating the referral procedures. Advice is available from:
Department of Children and Youth Affairs, 43-49 Mespil Road, Dublin 4,
7. Procedure for Reporting an Incident of Child Abuse
The HSE Children and Family Services should always be informed when a person has reasonable grounds for concern that a child may have been, is being or is at risk of being abused or neglected.
1. A disclosure is defined as a specific allegation of abuse. It may or may not be made against a named individual.
2. A suspicion is when concern is expressed about abuse that may have taken place or concern that abuse may take place.
3. An allegation or suspicion of child or vulnerable adult abuse may be made known to DLS Managing Director.
4. The Designated Person will be available to provide support and advice.
5. The safety and protection of the child or vulnerable adult should be the paramount concern.
6. It is not our responsibility to investigate, assess or determine if abuse has occurred. It is our responsibility to record the information or concern and communicate this to the Statutory Authority.
7. All disclosures and suspicions must be reported to the Statutory Authorities, i.e. Health Service Executive staff and An Garda Siochana.
In making a report on suspected or actual abuse, the individual should ensure that the first priority is always for the safety and welfare of the child and/or vulnerable adult. In emergency situations, the information should be communicated directly.
8. Reporting Procedures in the Case of Staff being reported for Abuse
The first priority is always for the safety and welfare of the child and/or vulnerable adult.
In the event of such a report being made contact should be made with the Designated Person. The Designated Person will assess and review the information that has been provided as quickly and effectively as possible. After a short period of consultation and advice from the appropriate external organisation such as the HSE, it should be decided whether the allegation is unfounded or whether it is warranted. It is essential in reporting any case of alleged/suspected abuse that the principle of confidentiality applies. The information should only be shared on a ‘need to know’ basis and the number of people that need to be informed should be kept to a minimum. If the worker is found to have been engaged in poor practice, the representative will be warned about the practice and it may constitute grounds for termination.
In an emergency a report should be made directly to the Garda Siochana or The Health Service Executive.
9. Management Systems in Place to Enhance Child Protection
The Designated Person is responsible for keeping the records related to Child and Vulnerable Adult Safeguarding in secure storage, including:
Following good recruitment and selection procedures minimises the risk of unsuitable people obtaining posts working with children and young people. However, It does not eliminate the possibility of abuse within the organisation and constant vigilance is important that:
All training needs to be appropriate to the roles people play within an organisation. However, all staff who work with children and young people should participate in child protection training, which should include: